A patient at the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit received a double lung transplant. The damage to the person’s lungs was caused by vaping.
The teen, who wishes to remain anonymous for privacy, was near death when he received a double lung transplant. This procedure was historic as a first for a vaping illness. According to the doctor, it was not like anything he had seen with other patients. His condition was so severe that he went to the top of the donor list, which led to a transplant just a week after making it on the list. As with many other patients, he was first admitted due to symptoms that was first thought to be pneumonia.
More than 2000 people in America have fallen ill due to a mysterious illness caused from e-cigarettes and vaping. At least 40 of them have died from the disease. While the patient wants to protect his privacy and not have his name released, he did want others to know the dangers of vaping.
Risks with a Lung Transplant
A lung transplant is a major operation, and it becomes even more challenging when both lungs are replaced. There is the risk of the body rejecting the lungs because they are seen as a foreign substance. Doctors prescribe anti-rejection drugs, which suppress the immune system to reduce the risk of rejection. They come with risks of their own, including:
- Increase in facial hair
- Stomach issues
- Weight gain
- High blood pressure
- Damage to kidneys
There is also an increased risk for infection since your immune system has been suppressed.
After the Lung Transplant
The patient will spend several days in the intensive care unit of the hospital. They will use a ventilator to help them with breathing. Tubes are inserted in the chest to keep fluids draining away from the lungs and heart.
Medications will be sent through a tube in the vein for pain control and anti-rejection. After moving out of the ICU, the patient will still stay in the hospital for an extended period. It can be one week to three weeks, depending on how fast recovery is.
Even after the patient leaves the hospital, they must go through frequent monitoring to prevent any complications or to detect and treat them if they occur. The doctor may order lab tests, X-rays, ECG and other testing.
The patient will need to protect themselves from infection, which may mean staying away from others who have colds or not going out in public during cold and flu season. They will need to be alert for any signs of rejection, even though the risk does go down once they are released from the hospital.
Getting a lung transplant means permanent changes and adjustments. The patient will likely need to take suppressant medications for the immune system to keep the body from rejecting the lungs. Doctors will start an exercise routine, which is an important part of rehab. Pulmonary rehab is a combination of exercise and education to improve breathing.
Lung transplants can improve the quality of life for those who have damaged lungs. Some people can live ten years or even longer after a transplant, but about half will only live about five years or less. This vaping illness is serious and is causing significant damage to patients. While a significant number have died, those who survive may have other complications or permanent effects from this illness. Government agencies, as well as patients with the illness and family members, are urging people to stop vaping until a definitive cause is determined.
Defective Fuel Heater Causes Recall of Trucks and Buses
Over 50,000 buses and trucks are being recalled because of a defective component in a Cummins diesel engine. Navistar, Inc. has initiated the recall because of a possible fire hazard from an electric fuel heater.
Danger of Fire and Injury
If a Cummins medium-duty diesel engine would overheat, it could cause plastic components in an electric fuel heater to melt. As the plastic melts, it could cause the vehicle to catch fire. This engine is used in school buses, emergency vehicles and trucks. Another concern is could cause the engine to stall out. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) indicates that it increases the changeof a crash from the engine stall-out.
Of the more than 68,000 Cummins engines in circulation, about ten percent are expected to have the problem. At this point, Cummins said it isn’t aware of any fires or injuries that have been caused by the defective part.
The manufacturer is still in the process of developing a solution. The company plansto notify dealers on April 30th and begin the recall on May 29th. The first incident occurred in the early part of February. There have been 12 known cases where the component has melted when Cummins decided to issue a recall notice. The company notified Navistar, the maker of the majority of affected vehicles.
Most vehicles are 2018 and 2019 model years with a few 2020 and 2021 buses as well as International/Durastar and International/Workstar models from 2017.
IC Bus is a line of school and commercial busses. Models impacted from the recall range from 2018 to 2021 and include both school buses and commercial transit. International is the truck side of Navistar’s company with various models. The International/Workstar is a severe-duty truck for hauling heavy cargo, such as rock. The International/HV is often used to haul cement and other heavy products. The MV, another model included in the recall, is popular for hauling cargo with a trailer connected.
Navistar is a leading manufacturer of buses and commercial trucks as well as defense vehicles. Any recall can have significant impact because of the number of these vehicles out on the road. The size of the trucks and buses make any defects dangerous not only for the driver but for other vehicles around them. If the vehicle catches fire, it can incinerate other vehicles nearby. If the truck is hauling hazardousproducts or explosives, the risk intensifies.
While some vehicles have a safety system that shuts down a vehicle when a fire starts, not all models are equipped in that way. A fire with one of these models can result in severe injury, especially with burns. Other injuries can be caused by a crash if the engine shuts down while the vehicle is moving.
Anyone driving one of these models can contact their employer to let them know about the recall. They should stop driving immediately until it can be determined if the vehicle has a defective device and the issue is corrected.
Nissan Vehicles Now Included in Takata Airbag Recall
Nissan vehicles are the latest models to be recalled for defectiveness of Takata airbags. The manufacturer recalled around 216,000 vehicles because of the possibility of a malfunction in the airbag system.
Nissan Models and the Recall Issue
According to Nissan, the problem is with the airbags on the driver’s side of the vehicles. The vehicles are being recalled because the Takata airbags may not deploy when they are supposed to or they may rupture in the attempt. If they rupture, it could cause shrapnel to go flying in the cabin, which could lead to serious injury or death of a passenger. Shrapnel can create wounds like a knife because of the sharpness of the metal. The person may bleed out or have scarring and be disfigured. It can also lead to hearing and vision issues.
Models affected by this recall include NV cargo and passenger vans from 2012 to 2017, Nissan Titan and Armada from 2013 to 2015, and Infiniti QX56 from 2011 to 2012.
This isn’t the first time Takata airbags have caused a recall of vehicles. Back in 2008, Honda was the first auto manufacturer to recall vehicles because of defective airbags. The company had to recall about 4000 vehicles. Since then, other brands have had similar recalls. In fact, the situation has been so serious that Takata declared bankruptcy and the company was sold to Key Safety Systems.
The recall of Nissan vehicles is due to a slightly different issue. A problem with manufacturing at a Mexico facility could result in overloading or asymmetric loading of the propellant while the component was being manufactured. In prior recalls, the chemical that was used in the propellant could become unstable when it was exposed to higher temperatures or humidity levels. It also could develop instability after long time periods. The chemical being used was ammonium nitrate.
According to Nissan, no incidents have been reported which are related to the recall issue. Other Nissan and Infiniti models aren’t affected by the problem.
What to Do If You Own a Recalled Model
The manufacturer has a plan in place to deal with the recall. They will notify vehicle owners on May 25, 2020. Owners of the affected models can take their vehicles to a Nissan dealer to have the front airbag on the driver’s side replaced at no charge.
To find out if a Nissan vehicle is part of the recall, owners can check the website of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) or contact Nissan at 800-867-7669. Infiniti owners can contact the manufacturer at 800-662-6200.
This is not the first recall of the year. Takata issued another recall notice in January for 10 million airbag inflators. These products were sold to 14 different auto manufacturers. When an airbag doesn’t deploy as it should, it can allow serious injury to the driver. If it malfunctions, the injuries can be quite severe and cause permanent injury or even death. Anyone with a recalled model should get the problem taken care of and the airbag replaced right away.
Joybird is the Latest Company to Recall Dressers for Tip-over Hazard
Joybird Furniture has issued a recall of the Blythe dresser due to a risk of tipping over. The product doesn’t comply with stability standards and could fall over and cause injury to children.
Risk of Tipping Over
According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the dressers are unstable if they haven’t been attached to a wall. If a child should attempt to climb on the dresser, they are more likely to tip over and trap the child underneath. This could lead to serious injury and even death.
Currently, the recall notice involves around 100 of the products, which measure 66 inches in width and 37.5 inches in height. They are 18 inches in depth, and they weigh around 200 pounds. They cost $1700 and were sold online at the company website between October 2017 and July 2019.
To identify the dressers, the consumer can look on the back of the dresser for a sticker that includes the month and year the piece was manufactured and the name, Stitch Industries, Inc. It will also say TSCA Title VI Compliant.
There have been no incidents reported from consumers who own the dresser, but the product does contain a real risk. Anyone who owns one of these dressers can call the company at 888-282-0842 or email them at email@example.com. They can also contact the manufacturer through the company’s website.
Joybird has said it will provide a free pick-up of the dresser and give consumers a full refund. This is the resolution that safety experts prefer because it ensures the home is safe from the risks that come with this product. However, Joybird has given customers a second option. They can contact the company and request a free repair to be done in the home on the legs of the dresser or installation of a tip-over restraint kit. These options will also include a gift card worth $50 which can be used for merchandise on the company’s website.
Changes to Standards
Legislation is being considered which would create a federal statute that is not only stricter than the voluntary standard currently in use, but it would be mandatory. The act is STURDY or Stop Tip-Overs of Unstable, Risky Dressers on Youth.
According to Consumer Reports, someone is injured around every 20 minutes from a piece of furniture or an appliance that tips over. A death occurs about every two weeks. These items include televisions and dressers. Many products have been recalled because of the tip-over risk.
Dressers can cause suffocation of the child because they can’t get out from under them. Many times, no crash is heard because the body of the child absorbs the impact. The child may have been climbing the front or playing inside a drawer.
With the current voluntary standard, any dresser which stands above 30 inches should be able to stay in an upright position even with 50 pounds hanging from the front. Since the standard isn’t mandatory, manufacturers don’t have to test for it or meet it.
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