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Breast Implants Associated with Host of Illnesses

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According to experts and patient advocates, breast implants are ticking time bombs that are capable of causing serious illnesses when the leak or rupture. Pharmaceutical giant Allergan was forced to recall textured implants after they were associated with a rare and deadly form of a type of cancer called lymphoma. Textured implants were designed to stay in position better than their smooth counterparts, but for some reason, they are more likely to lead to the development of cancer in some women who receive them.

Breast Implant Acquired Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

According to the Daily Mail, 57 British women who received breast implants have been diagnosed with breast implant acquired anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and three women have died. But a larger health issue with breast implants has come to light and affects many times the number of women who have developed BIA-ALCL.

Studies Associate Breast Implants with Wide-Range of Illnesses

More than 75,000 women worldwide are suffering serious and debilitating health issues including the inflammation and pain of rheumatoid arthritis, an auto-immune condition called scleroderma, painful swelling around the breast, and skin cancer.

The health issues seem to center around implant rupture and how the immune system of the body attacks foreign materials. Silicone is a type of plastic that is used for the shells of breast implants no matter whether they are filled with saline, silicone, soya oil or something else.

Massive Study Finds Higher Rates of Serious Illness

Recently, the largest study ever conducted for long-term safety outcomes for breast implant patients was published in the Annals of Surgery. The study reported the outcomes of nearly 100,000 patients who received saline or silicone implants after analyzing data from the FDA database from 2005 forward.

For the study, researchers reviewed data involving two implant manufacturers, and found that the group with one brand of silicone implants had a 2 to 8-times higher frequency of rheumatoid arthritis, melanoma, scleroderma, and Sjogren syndrome, a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the entire body and causes extensive dryness of the eyes and mouth. The other group of patients with another brand of silicone implants experienced Sjogren syndrome, scleroderma, and dermatomyositis more than two times as often as the general public.

Study authors noted that while the study did see a higher rate of patient-reported neonatal intensive care, stillbirth, and preterm birth, there was no association with miscarriage, and when compared to the general public, women with breast implants reported a lower rate of birth defects or congenital malformation. Researchers say these two areas need additional research before the issues can be understood.

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, breast implants are used in 300,000 augmentations and nearly 100,000 reconstructions each year. Before receiving implants, women should understand that getting implants a major operation that they will have to go through several times in their life and that the devices can rupture or leak at any time after implantation.

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Defective EpiPens Increase Risk of Death

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The US Food and Drug Administration announced that certain EpiPens may fail to work correctly for allergic reactions. This includes the Ep
iPen 0.3 mg and EpiPen Jr 0.15 mg and generic versions of the products.

EpiPen Malfunction

According to the FDA, the EpiPens may delay injection of the epinephrine being given for a severe allergic reaction. They may also activate too soon if the safety release is removed from the side. The correct way to remove the blue safety release is to pull it straight up with one hand while holding the pen with the other. If the person attempts to hold it and remove the release with the same hand, it may activate the medicine.

The blue safety release may already be partially raised on some of the EpiPens. This would allow the device to activate before it should, which means the person wouldn’t receive the medication for the reaction.

Another issue with the devices is that some may fail to slide out of the carrier. Other user errors could cause the EpiPens not to work correctly. The FDA recommended that patients review the instructions that come with the EpiPen periodically to ensure they know what to do in an emergency.

Pharmacists should inspect the EpiPens before they are distributed to the patient. If a patient has a device and they are having an issue with it, they can contact the manufacturer at 800-796-9526 for a replacement at no cost to them.

What EpiPens Do

EpiPens contain epinephrine, which is a medication designed to open the airways in the lungs and narrow blood vessels. It works by injection to take effect immediately.

The medication can stop wheezing, bring up severely low blood pressure and stop hives and itching as well as other symptoms of an allergic reaction. The reactions may be caused by an allergy to foods, drugs, insect bites or stings and even anaphylaxis caused by exercise. It can be given by the person suffering from the reaction and is generally kept on hand for anyone with a history of severe reactions to allergens.

The EpiPen Auto-Injector is designed for people who weigh at least 66 pounds. The EpiPen Jr Auto—Injector is prescribed for those who weight at least 33 pounds but no more than 66 pounds.

It’s important to contact a doctor after using the EpiPen even if the symptoms of the allergic reaction wear off. The EpiPen only lasts for about 30 minutes, and the person may start to have a reaction again.

Anyone who has an EpiPen should review the information and make sure they understand how it works. If they don’t, they can ask their pharmacist or doctor for information. They should also check the device to see if it is working correctly. If not, it should be replaced. It can be life-threatening to rely on the EpiPen when a person is having an episode and not have it work correctly or fail to dispense the medication at all.

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Health Concerns Over Vaping Limit Juul’s Expansion in Global Markets

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In 2019, a mysterious lung illness was linked to vaping, and several people died while thousands were diagnosed and treated. JUUL, one of the manufacturers of vaping devices, has seen more restrictions in the US because of the situation. To continue to be successful, JUUL has looked at expanding globally where fewer restrictions make it easier for vaping devices to gain new users.

Going Global

JUUL has looked at moving into several global markets in the past year. Following the strategy employed by cigarette companies, JUUL saw potential to win new consumers around the world with its vaping devices, especially after flavored devices were banned in the US.

While the company began its plan for expansion, many of these plans have been thwarted. JUUL was removed from the China market just four days after entry. Other markets that have proven fruitless include Thailand, India, Singapore, Philippines, Laos and Cambodia. JUUL has also delayed a launch in the Netherlands and stopped sales in Israel.

It appeared that South Korea would be a legitimate market for the manufacturer with a third of the men smoking and many consumers interested in the latest in Western technology and goods. JUUL started out with fast growth in the country and soon became a top brand for vaping products.

Two issues plagued JUUL in this lucrative market. First, a tax on e-liquid products made vaping devices expensive. Second, the amount of nicotine allowed in these devices is just one percent, which is less than the three and five percent that had been allowed in JUUL’s products in the US. A warning from the South Korea government about damage to the lungs from vaping products add to the problems for the vaping manufacturer.

Vaping Illness Casts Black Cloud on JUUL

Even though JUUL products aren’t linked to the lung illness, it has had an adverse effect on the company’s ability to enter global markets. Sales dropped dramatically in South Korea as the entire vaping industry was hard hit with a reduction of 90 percent in sales in the fourth quarter of 2019.

While JUUL products began to be sold in India in 2018, an official launch was planned for late 2019. India banned all e-cigarettes in the country before the launch could happen. In Indonesia, JUUL became quite popular with the younger crowd. While JUUL tried to make its products appeal as devices to help smokers stop smoking, the real use for the product came from those who both smoked and vaped as well as those who had never smoked.

While JUUL pulled out of Indonesia, many people are concerned that sales will just move online. Experts say that it’s already a flourishing market.

The illnesses in the US that were linked to vaping has led to concern around the world. Many countries that before were quite lenient with vaping have now taken action to limit or even ban the products. JUUL’s strategy to expand around the world has been delayed at least if not completed altered.

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Vaping Could Increase Health Risk with COVID-19

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The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued recommendations for those who are elderly and people who are high-risk for dealing with COVID-19. Another group who may be at risk for this disease is anyone who smokes or vapes.

Vaping Illnesses

Vaping has already been tied to a serious lung illness with many cases diagnosed and treated from the summer of 2019. Like the vaping illness, COVID-19 attacks the lungs, which could leave those who are smoking or vaping even more susceptible.

The illness tied to vaping results in permanent damage to the lungs. Many of patients have gone to the emergency room and even been put on ventilators to help with breathing because of the severity of the situation. Several have died from the disease. Those who vape may also suffer more serious effects of any illness, including flu. The issue becomes even more frightening with COVID-19.

When a person vapes, it impacts their lungs. The lungs have more difficulty clearing out foreign substances and working at normal capacity. Some experts are wondering if vaping has contributed to the number of younger people being hospitalized for the virus. A study done in China shows that people who smoke have a 14 times greater chance of developing a severe case of COVID-19 than someone who doesn’t. These same people have a 14 percent higher chance of getting pneumonia.

Along with people who smoke and vape, anyone abusing drugs could also be at an increased risk. Many of these drugs have a negative effect on the respiratory system. Opioids slow down the breathing rate, which makes it more difficult to get enough air and to send enough oxygen to the organs. Opioid misuse is already linked to an increased death rate in people who are diagnosed with respiratory issues. For many drug users, they double their risk because they also smoke or vape.

Fatalities with Vapers

With the vaping illness, many people went to the emergency room because they couldn’t breathe. The most serious cases would be put on a ventilator, and many died from the disease. The issues are similar with COVID-19. It can start with a cough and fever, but it can quickly lead to shortness of breath and pneumonia. Doctors are concerned with the need for ventilators for those who have underlying conditions or are at a higher risk. Thousands of people have already died from this virus, and vapers and smokers most likely will end up with a higher fatality rate if they are exposed.

While there were some similarities on cases involving the vaping-related lung disease, no single cause was found. Many experts and agencies recommended that people stop vaping or at least not buy vaping products from off the street because they might not know what ingredients were included. With the virus running rampant throughout the US, most experts would agree to stop vaping regardless of what products are being used.

The single best thing that anyone can do to avoid complications with the virus is to reduce their risk. That means stop smoking or vaping.

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