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Prescription Drugs

Xanax Recall for Presence of Foreign Substance

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Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc., the manufacturer of Xanax, an anti-anxiety medication, is recalling one of the lots due to the possible presence of a foreign substance. However, the company said it is unlikely that someone would be ill because of the substance in the medication.

The recall affects just one lot of the medication in bottles. These bottles contain 500 tablets of 0.5 milligrams of Alprazolam, the generic form of Xanax. No adverse effects have been reported at this time, but the company admitted there is a remote chance of infection.

Mylan didn’t comment on what the foreign substance is, but voluntarily issued the recall notice. Bottles with the lot number 8082708 are part of the recall. They have an expiration date of September 2020 smf and were sold in July and August. Anyone with this medication can return the product. They can call (888) 843-0255 or email customer.service@mylan.com.

What is Xanax?

Xanax is a prescription medication given by doctors to treat anxiety or panic disorders. It impacts chemicals in the brain that may be out of balance. It is listed in a class of medications known as benzodiazepines, which provide a calming affect for people. Xanax is popular because it works quickly to calm the person.

When a person’s brain doesn’t manufacturer enough GABA, a natural chemical designed to produce a calming effect during times of high stress of anxiety, they may need help in the form of Xanax.

Common side effects from this medication include:

  • Feeling tired or drowsy
  • Lack of balance or being uncoordinated
  • Slurred speech
  • Problems remembering things
  • Feeling anxious first thing in the morning

Other drugs may impact Xanax, including prescription and over-the-counter medications as well as herbs and vitamins. Some side effects may be quite serious, such as mood changes, hallucinations and thoughts of suicide. These symptoms should be taken seriously and medical attention gotten right away.

A doctor will generally start a patient out on the lowest dosage of Xanax, increasing the dose until it works well in treating the anxiety. It’s important to not stop taking the drug abruptly because it can cause seizures. A doctor will generally taper off the dose over time. There is a risk for addiction with Xanax, especially for those who take the drug for a long time.

Xanax is a popular street drug because of its addictive properties. Many people sell their prescriptions while others seek out the medication when their doctor won’t prescribe it for them anymore. When taken at higher doses, it can provide a euphoric effect that lasts for several hours.

A person shouldn’t drink alcohol or use marijuana when taking Xanax because it can increase the potency of the other substances. Anyone who has a history of lung or breathing conditions should let their doctor know before taking the medication.

Anyone who is currently taking Xanax should check their bottle to ensure it isn’t part of the recall. If they notice any unusual symptoms, they should talk to their doctor.

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Prescription Drugs

Antibiotics May Cause IBD

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A new study shows that antibiotic use for children may cause irritable bowel syndrome as adults. This study was conducted by Rutgers University and uses the correlation between young animals and their health later in life.

According to the results from the study, even short-term use of antibiotics by those under one year of age may increase the risk for developing IBD as adults. Giving infants antibiotics may cause a disruption of intestinal microbiota or the good bacteria that grows in the stomach. It helps the immune system to grow healthy and prevents diseases.

The study results strengthen the idea that antibiotic use in young children can not only prevent healthy development but it can play a part in future disease development. The study used mice which were given dextran sulfate sodium, which is a chemical known to cause problems with the colon. Some of the mice had received antibiotics while others had the normal microbial contents transplanted in the system.

The mice that received the antibiotics had more colitis and an altered response from the immune system. This study adds evidence to a hypothesis that when something disrupts the early development of microbiome, it can lead to a modern epidemic.

Researchers believe antibiotic use early in life may also contribute to type 1 diabetes later in life. It is well-known that antibiotics are designed to kill bacteria. Unfortunately, they cannot recognize the difference between good and bad bacteria, which means the medications may do harm as well as good to patients.

The Purpose of Microbiota

The human body has trillions of cells that form the microbiota in the system, which is primarily found in the intestines and stomach. These organisms are present from birth. Research indicates they make up about 4 pounds in the intestinal tract, and the mix is unique to each person.

Scientists who have studied microbiota believe that it has a major impact on how a person is able to fight off illness and disease and the way they digest food. It can even impact mood and psychological patterns.

Microbiota have been linked to many diseases, including the following:

  • Asthma
  • Cancer
  • Colitis
  • Diabetes
  • Autism
  • Heart disease
  • Obesity
  • Multiple sclerosis

In essence, the microbiota has an impact on nutrition, disease, behavior and immunity. When it is altered, it can change the way a person responds in any of these four areas.

The microbes in the gastrointestinal tract help break down nutrients in foods. For example, meat and vegetables cannot be broken down without the aid of these microbes. People wouldn’t get any nutritional value from many of the foods they eat without these little organisms.

They may also impact cravings for food and the ability to feel full after eating. Research has also shown that microbiota is more diverse in people who eat more variations in food rather than those who eat the same types of food all the time.

Further research is necessary to determine the full impact of antibiotics on the microbiota, but it could have a negative impact on people’s overall health.

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Covid-19

FDA Adds Nearly Two Dozen Drugs to Watch List

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The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released a new watch list for drugs and classes of drugs. They have included almost two dozen products which may have a serious risk for side effects or new safety information has been discovered.

New Drugs to Watch For

The drugs on the list aren’t necessarily a risk for patients, but the agency believes there may be a potential problem. Further review is necessary at which point the FDA can decide to take action. These actions include:

  • Require changes to the label
  • Restrict use of the drug
  • Remove the drug from the market

Several proton pump inhibitors were included in the list. Multiple risks were identified for this class of drug. One group had 10 different drugs that could increase the risk for SIADH or syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion.

Hydroxychloroquine sulfate has received a lot of media attention lately in connection to its use in treating COVID-19. The FDA listed products that contain the ingredient because it may carry a risk for phospholipidosis. This is a condition where phospholipids build up in the tissues of the system. There is concern in patients with this condition that their liver and kidneys are functioning properly.

Also on the list is Eucrisa, otherwise known as crisaborole. This drug is used to treat mild to moderate eczema, but it may carry a risk for developing contact dermatitis. The labeling for the drug was updated to indicate this possibility.

Lipiodol was on the list for the risk of hypothyroidism, and the FDA is currently evaluating the possibility of more action. Another area of concern is with vascular endothelial grown factor inhibitors. VEGF inhibitors include Avastin, Caprelsa, Cometriq, Lenvima, and many others. They may have an increased risk for the patient to develop an aneurysm or artery dissection. The FDA is currently determining the need for regulatory action on this class of drugs.

Aimovig is another drug on the list, which may increase the risk for hypertension. This medication is used in the treatment for migraines because it can prevent the activation of a specific protein that may lead to the headache.

Belsomra may lead to falls, resulting in serious injuries. This drug has been updated with labeling that indicates the increased risk for falls. This medication is prescribed by doctors to treat insomnia.

Impavido may lead to eye disorders. It is used to treat parasites. Vasostrict, which is used to treat diabetes insipidus, may actually increase the risk of the disease. The label for this drug was updated to indicate the issue.

While these drugs haven’t been proven to cause harm to the patient, they do carry the potential for risk. Anyone who is taking these medications can talk to their doctor about the concerns they may have. The doctor may alleviate their fears or prescribe an alternative treatment. They can also stay updated by visiting the FDA website to learn about any further research or action being taken by the FDA.

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Covid-19

Some Studies Indicate Vaccines May Stop Coronavirus

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Some scientific studies indicate that current vaccines may have an impact against the coronavirus. However, other experts say that the research doesn’t provide positive proof.

It is known that some vaccines provide broader protection against illnesses than what they were originally intended for. Though they may target one type of infection or illness, they may be beneficial against other medical concerns. Some scientists are now turning to these vaccines to see if they can have an impact on the coronavirus as they wait for a new vaccine to be developed.

The vaccines for tuberculosis and polio have shown indications that they may work with the immune system to help it respond to other infections. The infections that respond include those from viruses, bacteria and parasites.

A study that has been conducted on those who have been vaccinated for childhood illnesses, such as polio, measles, mumps, and rubella as well as people who had the flu vaccine. Researchers suggest that they may have a lower infection rate for coronavirus than those who haven’t been vaccinated.

Other experts are skeptical about the findings. The paper done on the study showed that the information came from electronic health records. However, it hasn’t gone through the normal peer review process. It also hasn’t been accepted by any medical journals.

Even the critics agree that the study does provide a hypothesis that could be further investigated. At the same time, they caution that the information doesn’t prove a cause and effect situation.

Findings of the Study

The study utilized immunization records from more than 137,000 patients. They had all been tested for the coronavirus. The researchers divided them into groups of vaccinated and unvaccinated. Research showed that patients who had a lower infection rate had either been vaccinated against childhood diseases or had recently received a flu vaccine.

The amount of risk reduction would vary based on which vaccines they had received and how recently they occurred. From the research, it appeared that those who had been vaccinated as children had a lower rate of infection from the coronavirus than those who had received a flu vaccine more recently.

Researchers went to great lengths to account for any variables between the patients, such as age, ethnicity and geographical location. Some critics suggest that the efforts weren’t strong enough. According to the researchers for this study, they are testing the belief that the memory of the immune system is stimulated by a vaccine.

One significant finding in the study was that black patients who had been given the pneumonia vaccine five years earlier had a dramatically lower risk of a positive COVID-19 test than those who hadn’t gotten the vaccine.

Some scientists admit there is plenty of evidence that vaccines can have a positive impact on illnesses beyond what they were designed for. However, they are hesitant to support the findings of the study. They do admit this is a place to begin conducting further research to determine if a current vaccine could be the answer to the coronavirus.

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